Job Hazard Analysis (JHA)

These documents are offered to ASCC members for their use in developing task-specific Job Hazard Analysis.  A Job Hazard Analysis template can be found below.  This will assist you with the step-by-step process of identifying and eliminating the hazards associated with the tasks your workers perform.  These can be used as a guide in the development of your company's Job Hazard Analysis library.

How to Use the Job Hazard Analysis Template

Analyzing the hazards associated with day-to-day operations empowers your company to continuously improve worker performance and hazard awareness.  Providing a safe work environment for your employees is a goal that is achievable and a responsibility we all must take seriously.

Pre-Planning Your JHA

Pre-planning a task is the first step towards doing that task safely.  Planning the task (writing a JHA) should involve your project team.   This might include Owners, Superintendents, Foremen, Project Managers, Safety Managers, Competent People, and industry experts.  Most importantly, you need to involve the people who are competent, experienced, and able to recognize the hazards associated with the task, as well as recognizing the appropriate solutions to remove the hazards and protect the workers.

When necessary, the pre-planning process should take place at the job site.  Once safety hazards and danger zones are identified you can develop your Job Hazard Analysis.  First, list step-by-step the components of the work that you must perform to complete the task.  In the next column, list the hazard associated with each step.  Finally, in the third column describe how you will eliminate or control each hazard.  Once the written JHA is completed, reviewed, and approved, the Foreman should review it with the crew.   It's important to revise the JHA whenever conditions change including, but not limited to, crew, operational, or weather changes.  To ensure that controls and safe practices are implemented, Supervisors and/or Foremen should observe the working methods and practices of their crew during the JHA operation.  Recommendations for improvement should be communicated to the crew to maintain the highest level of safety.

How Do I Use a JHA?

The Job Hazard Analysis (JHA) is a tool many contractors use regularly, even daily.  What is a JHA?  It is simply an analysis of a job task for anticipated hazards and identification of controls to help prevent an incident that may cause injury, illness, property damage or work interruption.

The JHA is a valuable tool for education and training, accountability, project documentation, and even process improvement.  In July, 2018 we polled the ASCC Safety and Risk Management Council on the most frequent ways they see the JHA used.  Here is the Council’s consensus:

New Hire Orientation - This is done to ensure people don’t “fall through the cracks”. Too often when you have a field new hire, everyone focuses on the orientation. When you incorporate the JHA review as part of the process, it gives time to ensure the new hire is first and foremost trained for the tasks they will be performing, as well as providing another opportunity for the foreman or superintendent to “vet” skill level and identify any training a new hire may be lacking, i.e. fall protection awareness, forklift, scissor lift, etc.

Task / Process Pre-Planning – Often contractors have to submit project specific JHAs to the GC prior to mobilizing. JHAs are included as part of Site Specific Safety Plans to help communicate the hazards of the scope of work to the customer and other trades. The JHA has been a great way to incorporate key players like the superintendent, general foreman, foreman (crew leader for a specific task), as well as the project manager into the process. This provides input from all levels so that the safe working process is identified and incorporated, allowing the work sequence and schedule to jive properly. This lends itself to minimizing both the hurry up and wait logistic challenge, as well as stemming the inevitable safety as the last thought. Having the PM involved also keeps them abreast of the time/schedule for the task, along with any costs that may not have been accounted for. Once these individuals have completed the JHA process, the proper supervisor can then review the JHA with all the crew involved in the task.  This process is documented and may be reviewed daily or weekly depending on the severity risk, as well as on an as needed basis should the process or hazards change.

Hazard Recognition / Process Improvement – The JHA can serve as an ongoing evaluation of current practices and products, to determine if there is a better way to reduce or eliminate hazards for that particular task.  Breaking the job into specific tasks allows employees to get involved in discussing the task and identify the hazards. In many cases the crew fills them out together. We want them to assist with identifying ways to eliminate or minimize hazards.

Ongoing Project or Tool Box Communication – The JHA is a great opportunity for follow up, raising jobsite awareness and reinforcing safe practices. Especially when it is a task that’s new to a crew, or something particularly dangerous, you can review and have everyone sign-off on it. It is used to improve project team communications, for example to share with subcontractors, especially smaller ones, unfamiliar with JHAs.  It is also a great opportunity to update everyone on changes or revisions to the document as it is a “living” document and should be updated to include new hazards or exposures.  One SRMC member says, “We use them daily on nearly every project. Each crew foreman has one that reflects the tasks for the day. He includes a focused safety reminder with the morning stretch and flex that corresponds with the work for the day. The crew leader may customize the message based upon the tools or techniques that will be employed.”

Are you effectively using JHAs? If not and you want to get started, a detailed “how to” guide can be found here:    https://www.osha.gov/Publications/osha3071.pdf

The ASCC has a growing number of JHA templates to help you get a head start. Feedback to the SRMC is that the JHA tool is a favorite of members: https://www.ascconline.org/concrete-safety-council/publications/job-hazard-analysis-template

To access JHAs, click here.

Changing Polishing Pucks - October 2017
Chipping & Drilling Concrete Worksheet
Chipping Hammer & Grinding Concrete - July 2018 
Cleaning Forms - June 2017
Concrete Flatwork Placement - April 2017
Concrete Placing Operation Worksheet
Concrete Pumping - January 2018
Demolition Worksheet
Debris Removal - January 2018
Driving - Following Distance - January 2018
Driving - Lane Changes - January 2018
Escalator & Escalator Pit - June 2017
Equipment to Polish Concrete Floor - October 2017
Excavating / Trenches Worksheet
Filling Pan Stairs - June 2017
Flagger Safety Worksheet
Fueling Generator - October 2017
Gang Column Form Installation - July 2018
Gang Column Form Stripping - July 2018
Grade Beams - June 2017
Grinding Concrete - January 2018
Ladder Safety Worksheet
Layout Power Cords - October 2017
Leading Edge Work - April 2017
Manual Lifting - January 2018
Mixing Coating and Epoxy - April 2018
Mixing Concrete - January 2018
Pile Caps - June 2017
Post Shore Installation - January 2018
Pouring Concrete Footings - April 2017
Pouring Mud Mat - April 2017
Pressure Washing - January 2018
Rebar Worksheet
Rebar Cutting/Installation - January 2018
Recognizing & Covering Floor Openings (Holes) - April 2017
Redi-Mix Deliveries During Pumping Operations Worksheet
Sawcutting Concrete Worksheet
Saw Cutting Concrete Floors & Walls - April 2017
Setting Gang Wall Forms Worksheet
Slab on Grade, Frost Slab & Turndown Slab - June 2017
Slab on Metal Deck - June 2017
Stripping Forms Worksheet
Surveying Worksheet
Vehicle Backing - January 2018
Vibrating Concrete - January 2018
Welding & Cutting Worksheet
Working Near Heavy Equipment - April 2017
Using Aerial Work Platforms (AWP) - April 2017
Blank Worksheet

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